How to Install a Pellet Stove
Wood burning stoves and pellet stoves have become increasingly popular in recent years, both due to their charming appearance and their sustainable energy merits. However, an often overlooked part of acquiring a stove for your home is the installation process, which requires preparation time and some additional materials.
Before you begin, it’s important to take note that the most appropriate position for a pellet stove is a central location in your property, such as a central living room. This will ensure the heat from the pellet stove will radiate out from the centre of your home and heat other areas equally.
Pellet Stove Considerations
In order for a pellet stove to provide heating for your entire property, the most appropriate layout is an open planned living space. Barriers such as walls and doors are likely to decrease heat flow in your home. Additionally, areas away from the stove are likely to need a method of transferring the heat to them, such as a pellet stove blower or duct system.
If you have this kind of system installed, the stove should be installed in a location with cold air, so that the duct system will draw the warm air and transport it to other spaces in your property. This helps to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and central heating systems, making your home more efficient and in turn helping you to save money on your energy bills.
You could always consider a pellet furnace if you want to heat your entire house well. This option is for those who want to completely replace fossil fuels in their homes or substantially reduce their reliance on them.
Another important consideration is the type of pellet stove to choose, since there are vast amounts to choose from, you may want to consider researching some of the best pellet stoves.
These instructions are for the purpose of installing a freestanding pellet stove. They are not suitable for installing a pellet stove insert that slot into a fireplace; it is advised that you seek professional advice for inserts, since it often demands chimney sweeping, ventilation installation up the chimney, as well as a water safe chimney cap and collar.
The majority of stove sellers provide installation for an additional cost, which is relatively quite small, and certain parts of the installation process may require you to abide by building regulations. However, if you are able to do so, then installing a freestanding pellet stove is relatively easy for the DIY savvy individual.
First things first, pellet stoves are anything but lightweight, in fact the majority are substantial in weight. For this reason, you may have some difficulty moving it from one place to another, even with a helping hand. Therefore, it’s advised that you first lay down the hearth and cut an appropriately sized hole for the ventilation prior to having the stove delivered.
If you make the decision to have a contractor do the installation on your behalf, ensure that the stove is installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and the relevant building regulations.
Installing the ventilation is the most time consuming and often challenging part of stove installation. Therefore, before you begin running your venting plan exactly you want to install it, the most common location is through an exterior wall, but this isn’t always suitable, in which case you have the option of running the ventilation upwards and through the roof. If you opt for the latter then you may want to hire a roofer to fit a safe and regulated roof jack that will allow the venting to run safely and securely. A good quality chimney liner kit is often an easier and less expensive way to install ventilation for your stove.
Typically stoves are fitted with a few inches space from the exterior wall; however, you can fit it further away if that’s your preference. The vent piping can be run straight out of the exterior wall, rendering it unnoticeable – practically undetectable.
An important step in stove installation is fire safety, hence why fitting a building regulatory approved non-combustible hearth is essential. The hearth should span at least 7 inches in all directions from the stove. You have the option of buying one or constructing your own using concrete laid with tiles or a suitable stone slab. Hearth pads are probably the quickest and easiest way and can be laid directly onto your flooring.
Make sure to refer to your manufacturer’s instructions to ascertain the correct dimensions of your ventilation. In the majority of situations, you are likely to need to cut a hole that is at least 10 inches in diameter.
The first step to making the hole will require cutting through the dry wall (a jab saw will do the job), followed by the exterior (a reciprocating saw will handle this part). Next, you will need to install a ventilation thimble, which is a tunnel through which the vent will run into the space. Position the vent pipe to the stove and run it through the thimble to the property. On the exterior wall, fit the piping cleanout for the efficient removal of pellet stove waste including ash and fit a T connector to help the ventilation navigate easily around your eaves. Lastly, add a strap to your eaves to secure the ventilation in place and fasten a storm cap to make it watertight.